What is Tendonitis?
Tendonitis, or tendinitis, is the inflammation of a tendon that occurs when a person overuses or injures a tendon. A tendon is the thick fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. Tendonitis causes pain and tenderness outside of the joint.
It is most common around shoulders, elbows, heels, knees and wrists. Some common names include jumper’s knee, swimmer’s shoulder, pitcher’s shoulder, golfer’s elbow, and tennis elbow.
In most cases, tendonitis can be treated with rest, physical therapy and medication to reduce the pain. If it is severe and the tendon ruptures, surgery may be needed.
Typically, tendonitis is caused by a repetition of a particular movement over time. It can be caused by a sudden injury. Most people develop symptoms because of their hobbies or their jobs that involve a repetitive movement that puts stress on the tendons. The risk for getting tendonitis increases with age, certain jobs and participating in certain sports. As we age, the tendons become less flexible and can be more susceptible to injury. Certain professions that require awkward positions, frequent vibrations, reaching overhead, or forceful movements can increase the risks. Sports like tennis, basketball, golf, and baseball all have repetitive movement that can cause tendonitis. People with rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes are also more likely to develop tendonitis.
Tendonitis symptoms typically occur at the point where the tendon attaches to a bone. The symptoms can include pain, dull ache, tenderness and mild swelling. If there is a rupture, a gap may be felt in the line of the tendon and movement may be more difficult. The symptoms can last for a few days up to weeks and even months.
The goal of treating tendonitis is to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. In most cases, rest, hot/cold treatments, pain relievers, and splinting of the affected joint will be enough to treat the problem. If tendonitis persists, surgery may be needed to repair the ruptured tendon. If you think you are suffering from tendonitis or something more serious, please contact LA Health Solutions – click HERE for our locations and contact information.