What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common causes of pain on the bottom of the heel. The pain is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia which is the thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. The plantar fascia ligaments endure a lot of wear and tear from everyday activities. If there is too much pressure on the foot, it can damage or even tear ligaments. Once this happens, a stabbing pain can result. Plantar fasciitis is most common in runners, individuals who are overweight, and in people who wear shoes with inadequate support.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
Both men and women between the ages of 40 and 70 are at the highest risk of developing Plantar Fasciitis. Individuals who run or who are over weight have an increased chance of developing Plantar Fasciitis because of the increased pressure on the ligaments. Occupations that keep a person on their feet for long periods of time can also increase the chances of developing Plantar Fasciitis. Structural foot problems like high arches or flat feet can also increase the chances of developing Plantar Fasciitis.
What are the symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis?
The plantar fascia supports the arch in the foot and helps to absorb the shock from walking. It is shaped like a bowstring. When the tension and stress increases too much, a small tear can occur in the fascia. If the stretching and tearing is repeated, it can irritate and even inflame the fascia. Most people describe the pain as dull initially that increases to a sharp pain. Some people feel a burning or ache on the bottom of the foot. The pain is usually worse in the morning and when climbing stairs. The pain can also flare up due to increased activity that has increased the irritation and inflammation.
What are some treatments for Plantar Fasciitis?
Some of the easiest treatments that may offer some relief include: rest, icing, and using anti-inflammatory over the counter drugs. It is also important to reduce activity on your feet and to purchase proper footwear. If those don’t ease the pain, it is important to call your doctor for additional treatment options.
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