Differences Between A Sprain And Strain

Differences Between A Sprain And Strain

What Is A Sprain?

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint.  Sprains typically occur in the ankle or wrist due to a falling or twist motion. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and being unable to move the joint.

What Is A Strain?

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. A strain can occur if tissues are twisted or pulled, and they can occur suddenly or develop over time. The most common strains are back and hamstring muscle strains. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling, and trouble moving the muscle.

What is the Difference Between A Sprain And A Strain?

The difference between a sprain and a strain is that a sprain injures the bands of tissue that connect two bones together, while a strain involves an injury to a muscle or to the band of tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone. The most common treatments for a sprain and strains include rest, ice, compression and elevation. Most sprains can be treated at home; however, severe sprains may require surgery to repair torn ligaments. Additional treatments may include exercise and physical therapy.

Prevention

Both Sprains and strains can be prevented with regular stretching and strengthening exercises. It is important to prepare for sports, fitness and working out with proper stretching. It is also important to be in shape prior to participating in a sport to help prevent injuries. Certain sports can make it more likely for you to have a strain in the back or legs like soccer, football and skiing. If you play sports that use your hands and arms a lot, you may be more likely to have a strain in your arm or hands like tennis and golf.

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